Lucky enough to be travelling abroad soon? Want to take your e-cigarette with you? This handy guide will tell you all you need to know about travelling abroad with your Personal Vaping Device, from essential travel preparations to where you can safely vape.
Imagine: You land in Singapore, stroll through the streets enjoying the sights.
You haven’t had a puff for some time, so you put your hand in your pocket and draw out your trusty vapestick.
You breathe in, enjoying the delicious hit at the back of your throat before blowing out a cloud of beautiful vapor.
But then… a heavy hand falls on your shoulder. You turn round to see an irate policeman. Next thing you know, your holiday has been spoiled with a $200 fine.
As regulations on e-cigarettes vary substantially from country to country, it’s important you know the law before you travel, or you could have your e-cig confiscated, be fined or even imprisoned (an unlikely scenario).
So we’ve put together this handy in-depth guide to ensure you don’t get caught out.
In some countries, there are no vaping regulations, but vaping is not common and inhabitants may be taken aback to see you vaping. So vape respectfully, and be prepared for curious glances and questions when sub-ohm vaping!
Wherever possible, we have used multiple sources to confirm each point/country in this guide, and have regularly updated guidance based on feedback from readers. However, e-cigarette regulations change all the time and it’s possible those sources might be out of date. So it’s well worth double-checking with the local authorities/tourist information before you leave.
(To everyone who has commented/sent feedback – thank you so much! Your feedback has helped to keep this post up-to-date and assisted other travellers.)
- Travelling By Plane
- Using ECigarettes on Planes
- Using ECigarettes in Airports
- Where can you legally vape?
- Before you travel
- Dealing with Attitudes
- Legality: Country by Country
Travelling by Plane
Can I take my e-cig on a plane?
Most airlines allow e-cigarettes to be taken on-board in your carry-on luggage, but it’s best to check with the airline before you travel. EasyJet for instance, allow an e-cigarette with a maximum of two spare batteries to be taken on-board.
Flying with E-Cigs: Downloadable Cheat Sheet
Get our best advice in a compact, printable guide for a smooth, trouble-free trip!
It’s not usually a problem taking small bottles of e-liquid on planes (I’ve done it many times!) as it falls under the 100 ml liquid limit. Obviously, you need to put the e-liquid in a clear plastic bag alongside your other liquids. If you have large bottles of e-liquid you should put them in your hold luggage.
Exact regulations vary from airline to airline, so it is worth checking!
Can I put my e-cig in checked luggage?
Can I charge my e-cig in the aircraft?
You are no longer allowed to charge e-cig devices on the aircraft.
Can I take e-liquid on the plane?
On most airlines you can take a small amount of e-liquid in carry on luggage (as with other e-liquids, this has to be carried in a single, transparent, resealable bag). Larger amounts need to be taken in hold luggage.
One exception is Flybe, which no longer allows e-liquid to be carried on the plane. (Source: Electronic, water vapour cigarettes in the Exceptional Baggage on the Flybe Website).
Using ECigarettes on Planes
Can I vape an e-cigarette on a plane?
Forget it! The only airline I know that allows you to use anything resembling an ecig is Ryan Air – even then, you can’t use your own ecig, but you can buy a smokeless cigarette on board and use it. (I’ve not tried it, although years ago researcher Paul Bergen told me they were pretty awful. If you’ve tried one, please share your thoughts in the comments.)
QatarAirways are one of the worst airlines – people have been arrested and had jail time for using e-cigarettes on their planes.
British Airways have recently banned the sale of e-cigarettes on flights to Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, due to local regulations (which resulted in one of their crew members being detained and interrogated after being stopped at the border with an e-cig).
A note for rebels – while vaping does not usually set off fire alarms in, say, an airplane toilet, it can and has happened. Obviously, this isn’t something we can recommend.
How do I avoid leaking clearomisers when flying?
Do note that clearomisers often don’t like the changes in pressure when you fly.
It’s a good idea to empty your clearomiser before going on board.
See 10 Tips to Stop Your Clearomiser From Leaking for more information.
Using ECigarettes in Airports
Can I use my e-cig in an airport?
Sadly, things seem to be going backwards here, with many airports now not allowing vaping (although you can usually get away with it in smoking areas in countries where vaping is legal). Heathrow did used to have a vaping lounge, but they now only mention designated smoking areas on their website (leave a comment if you have experienced otherwise).
Some of the time you may be asked to use your e-cigarette in the smoking area. The V2 blog points out that there is no blanket ban on (US) airports on using ecigarettes but this is likely to vary from airport to airport, so it’s best to check before you vape.
In 2013, USA Today ran a handy piece with an interactive map of which airports are e-cigarette friendly, which you can find here.
Going Through Security With Vaping Supplies
Can I take my e-cig through customs?
Sue C had the fright of her life when security at one airport mistook parts of her ecigarette for bullets (see comments below)!
(Aaron Frazier had a similar experience when he had to empty his bag both in India and on returning – see the Facebook comments below for the full story.)
However, with the exception of Dubai see below, you are unlikely to have this problem when going through airport security in any country where e-cigarettes are well known and used (I’ve certainly never had a problem in the UK!)
Do make sure that your battery fully charged and can be switched on as this may be required.
Coil Building Equipment
I once had to spend 45 minutes waiting for a friend at security.
He’d brought coil wire, pliers, testing equipment and more so he could build coils abroad.
When one security guard asked the other what was wrong with the bag, the answer was:
So think twice before putting DIY coil building equipment in your carry-on luggage!
Update: Dubai Airport Security Warning
Please note that numerous people have told us that their e-cigarettes have been confiscated by Dubai airport security. This has included during transit and during departure.
Can I take my e-cig through transit in a country where it is banned?
In general, based on both our own experiences and feedback from readers, it not a problem to take an electronic cigarette through an airport in a country where e-cigs are banned. However, if in doubt do check with your airline.
Where can you legally vape?
Again, things are more hopeful here. While ecigs have been banned in a number of countries, most bans focus on sellers rather than users.
In fact, when I was in Indonesia last year, I met several vapers who told me that they were allowed to import for their own use, but that the powerful tobacco lobby would not allow the devices to be sold in any scale.
However, there are countries which are more extreme. Singapore, for example, levies a hefty $200 fine for anyone using e-cigarettes. (Update: One reader has reported that Singapore is now more relaxed about travellers vaping.) Some states in the US have also banned their use in parks or public places.
In Hong Kong, Tobacco Asia notes that nicotine-based e-cigarettes and liquids are completely banned and could get you an incredibly hefty fine of up to $12, 900, being classed as a poison – phew!
Before You Travel
Should I remove/disconnect batteries before traveling?
Yes, it’s a good idea to disconnect batteries from clearomisers/cartridges, turn off any manual batteries and take out removable batteries from mod. See our Guide to Ecig Batteries for more information.
Should I take my own e-liquid?
Make sure you have a good supply of eliquid, as you may be unable to buy eliquid in the country you are visiting. You may also find that foreign suppliers do not match your own supplier’s testing regime! You can always check out our own delicious range of Halo UK e-liquid here 😉
Dealing with Attitudes
Remember, vaping may not be as well-known as it is here. Attitudes may also have been influenced by the low standards of reporting in some countries (Qatar papers once announced that e-cigarettes deliver 100 times more nicotine than tobacco cigarettes!) There’s a good chance the local tobacco industry spin doctors will have been at work too.
So be patient – and make sure you armed with the facts. You may also find that people get quite excited – I’ve had Spanish people jabbering away at me when they realised there was an effective alternative to smoking!
Finally, enjoy your trip – and don’t forget to send us a photo of you lounging in your hammock with a cocktail in one hand and your ecig in the other!
Where You Can and Can’t Vape: A Breakdown of Countries
We’ve done our best to research every country in the world. Obviously, it’s a massive task, and we’ve had to rely on secondary sources and information which is subject to change. Fortunately, feedback from hundreds of vapers and travellers have helped us to keep this page up-to-date.
So, if you have any personal experience or additional information, please share in the comments below and we will update this post.
In cases where the regulation has been listed as unclear, you should proceed with caution when taking your e-cigarette and any nicotine refills.
It is important to note, that even if e-cigarettes are legal in a country, there may be a lack of stores from which to buy refills from, so stock up before you go!
Legality v. Usage
Over the years it’s become clear that just while vaping is officially banned in many countries, the regulations are often not enforced. For example, in the comments below Tony notes that in the UAE vaping is officially banned, but is increasingly popular and there seems to be not attempt to enforce the regulations.
We’ve attempted to make this guide ass accurate as possible. But please do bear in mind that:
- regulations change
- sometimes, and especially for smaller countries, we have only been able to find one source for these regulations
(Tip: Press CTRL + F and type the name of the country you’re visiting to find it faster)
(Note: Also see ECigarette Politics list of countries, which has both informed this post and contains additional information.)
In contrast to Europe and the US, the situation in Africa is unclear, and many countries appear not to have taken a position on ecigs. Where we’ve been able to find information we’ve put it below – if you know more please let us know in the comments!
Algeria – Unclear.
Angola – Legal for sale and use.
Benin – Legal for use.
Botswana – Legal for use..
Burkino Faso – Unclear.
Burundi – Legal for Use.
Cameroon – Legal for Use.
Central African Rep. – Unclear.
Chad – Legal for Use in designated smoking areas.
Congo – Legal for Use.
Djibouti – Unclear.
Egypt – There’s very little recent information. Some sources note they are banned but legal to use – we assume that means there is a ban on sales but you can use them without a problem.
Equatorial Guinea – Unclear.
Eritrea – Unclear.
Ethiopia – Legal for Use, though public smoking is banned..
Gabon – Legal for Use in designated smoking areas.
Gambia (The) – Unclear.
Ghana – Legal for use in designated indoor and outdoor areas.
Guinae – Unclear.
Guinae Bassai – Unclear.
Ivory Coast – Legal for Use.
Kenya – Legal.
Lesotho – Legal for use, if due to a loop-hole in the law shared by many African countries which cover smoking as legal for designated areas, but not vaping just yet.
Liberia – Unclear.
Libya – Unclear.
Madagascar – Legal for use in designated areas; e-cigarettes are, according to the WHO, regulated the same as tobacco products here.
Malawi – Unclear.
Mali – Unclear.
Mauritania – Unclear.
Mauritius – Legal for Use, though forum users on e-Cig SA forums note that you’ll have a really hard time buying any sort of vaping supplies in Mauritius and will likely have to import or bring along in your luggage.
Morocco – Although the actual law is unclear, many vapers have reported having no problems taking e-cigarettes and e-liquid in to the country for personal use. Llewellyn in the comments told us that there is a lack of outlets unless you are in a large city, while the Vaping Post reports that there are no restrictions on e-cig use or import.
Mozambique – Legal for use, regulated much like tobacco products.
Namibia – Legal for Use.
Niger – Unclear.
Nigeria – Unclear, though smoking in public and advertisement of tobacco and smoking-related products are banned according to the World Health Organisation.
Rwanda – Unclear.
Senegal – Legal for use, according to WHO.
Sierra Leone – Legal for use in designated smoking areas since no laws prohibiting the sale or use of e-cigarettes exist, according to WHO.
Somalia – Unclear.
South Africa – E-Cigarettes are legal, although cartridges and liquids containing nicotine are not. Despite this, e-liquid is widely (but illegally!) sold.
Sudan – Unclear.
Swaziland – Legal for use in designated smoking areas.
Tanzania – Unclear.
Togo – Unclear, though according to ANCE Togo and TobaccoControlLaws.org, smoking is banned in all public places, and quite possible vaping too.
Tunisia – Unclear.
Uganda – According to Tobacco Reporter, the sale of e-cigarettes were officially banned in Uganda in 2016.
W. Sahara – Unclear.
Zaire – Unclear.
Zambia – Legal for use in designated smoking areas..
Personal use is allowed, so you should have no trouble taking it through customs. Canada is very against electronic cigarettes but does not appear to have the legal basis to ban their use. Nevertheless, e-liquid sent to Canada via mail are often seized. Regional restrictions apply in places – one reader has reported that shops in Quebec need to have tinted windows!
Although e-cigarettes are legal, their use is regulated differently by states and even cities – check before you vape. Where we have specific information on localities we have detailed them below.
Please note ALL federal parks have restrictions on vaping so vape carefully when visiting one; it’s a good idea to ask authorities (park rangers) before vaping when in a federal park or landmark. In addition, many states are now choosing to ban the use of e-cigarettes indoors, and in some places regulations have put it in place which are effectively forcing the closure of some vape companies.
Alabama – No state law prohibiting use, with some establishments choosing to impose a ban on e-cigarettes.
Alaska – Legal, though some localities ban use indoors.
Arkansas – Legal although prohibited on school district property.
Arizona – Thanks to Mike Felling for this detailed update:
Currently, some communities have banned use indoors for places of “public accomodation” (restaurants, bars, etc.). Some have also banned use in vehicles when children are present (secondary offense – cannot be the primary reason for police to pull you over). Many communities have banned use in government buildings and on some government owned or leased properties, especially Maricopa County (county contains the state capital, Phoenix, and most of the surrounding cities).
California – Legal but some with localities (inc. parks and other public places) choosing to ban use. That’s despite the fact that California has lead the fight against e-cigarettes. Minimum age is 21.
Colorado – Legal, but prohibited on school district property.
Delaware – Prohibited in places where smoking is banned.
Maryland – Vaping is banned indoors (vape shops are exempt).
Massachusetts – E-cigarettes can be used in Massachusetts, with the exception of locations and establishments in South Hadley that fall under the ‘smoke free’ workplace law.
Missouri – Legal, though some establishments ban indoor use.
New Hampshire – Prohibited on school district property.
New Jersey – Current ban in place for use in indoors and workplaces with a potential ban on use in beaches and parks. A bill has been passed regarding banning use in public which would mean users may be fined between $250 – $1000.
New York/ NYC – NYC have passed a bill that states electronic cigarettes are no longer allowed to be used in any place where smoking regular cigarettes is prohibited.
Oklahoma – Legal at time of writing, but prohibited on state property including, apparently, in state vehicles.
Pennsylvania – Legal for use, though there is a ban on the use of e-cigarettes in public places.
Tennessee – Legal for use, though banned in some institutions.
Texas – Currently allowed in places where smoking is, though laws has seen the sale of “tobacco products” including vaporisers and e-liquid to those under 18 explicitly banned.
Utah – Banned in public places, and vapers in Utah are legally prohibited from getting any of their vape supplies from online.
West Virginia – Legal where smoking is allowed.
Minnesota – Use is permitted, except in several public places such as public schools, government buildings and healthcare facilities.
N. Dakota – There is a ban on the use of e-cigarettes in all public indoor places as well as vaping being prohibited within 20 feet of entrances, exits etc.
Oregon – Legal, though subject to the Indoor Clean Air Act and prohibited in state agency buildings, on state agency grounds and in public parks.
Washington – There is a ban on the use of electronic cigarettes in public places in King County, where Seattle Washington is located.
Caribbean – Unclear.
Costa Rica – Regulated as tobacco product.
Jamaica – There is no ban on electronic cigarettes, so you should be able to take them with you when you travel. However, the Ministry advises all products containing nicotine that are being imported for sale, require a registration and a permit. (Source)
Mexico – Banned import and sale. However, many vapers have reported no issues in regards to taking e-cigs though customs for personal use.
Panama – The law is unclear, although according to Alan Cairns in the comments below they are still sold in airport bars, where you can also vape! Many vapers have travelled through customs without any issues, but we have recently had one report of a e-cig being confiscated.
Argentina – Import, manufacturing and sale is banned. Import for personal use appears to be fine, according to Josh in the comments, but it’s still best to be weary.
Brazil – Banned, but readers have vaped without any issue.
Bolivia – Unclear.
Chile – Unclear.
Colombia – Sources vary as to it’s legality, but some vapers have reported no issues with taking it through customs and vaping whilst there.
Update: Mateo Toro reports:
“Vaping in Colombia is allowed. You can vape inside malls and big areas, of course not on small restaurants or tight spaces. No problems with customs so far, they understand what it is…”
Ecuador – Legal but treated as a tobacco product.
Update: Luis Felipe advises:
“Bring supplies, juice offer is minimal and overpriced, gear is mostly unavailable, so pack all you will need. Customs at the airport are not interested in vaping gear or juice, so you can pack heavy.”
El Salvador – Legal. You can even get a card from the medical community to explain you are using at as a smoking cessation aid, and that it is harmless to those around you! (Thanks to Miguel for the update.)
French Guiana – Unclear.
Guatamela – Legal.
Guyana – Unclear.
Paraguay – Unclear, although readers report vaping without any issue.
Peru – No restrictions and several vape shops to choose from, according to a comment below, although vaping does attract a lot of attention.
Suriname – Banned.
Uruguay – Unclear, but readers have vaped there without any issues.
Venezuela – Unclear.
Afghanistan – Legal.
Bangladesh – Unclear.
Brunei – Banned.
Cambodia – Banned. See Ban turns ecigarettes into back alley trade. However, many people have passed through customs with their e-cig with no problem, but it’s best to check before you travel.
China – There are conflicting reports on the legality of e-cigarettes. ECigarettePolitics states ecigs are legal, but that there may be regional issues, and a number of travellers have said they have had no issue vaping there. Sale and possession of ecigarettes containing nicotine is also illegal in Hong Kong, with a possible fine of up to HK$100,000 and/or a prison sentence of 2 years.
India – There’s plenty of confusion over vaping regulations in e-cigs. They are explicitly banned in at least two regions, and a Punjabi shopkeeper was sentenced to three years in jail for possession of a cigalike and eight cartridges. Despite this, there does not yet seem to be any specific law against e-cigs, with the Punjab government relying on an interpretation of the 1940 Drugs and Cosmetics act.
Indonesia – Officially banned, but the authorities don’t have a problem with personal use, and allow small quantities to be imported for your and your friends’ use. Attitudes do seem to vary, and at times you may find e-cig sellers and shops. Travellers have also reported being able to purchase vaping supplies in Bali.
Japan – Sale of nicotine refills are banned. However, readers report that you can import for personal use (officially up to 100ml, but one reader has imported up to 700ml).
Jordan – Banned.
Kazakhstan – Unclear.
Kyrgyzstan – Unclear.
Laos – Unclear.
Malaysia – Sources conflict on whether there is a ban, however some stores appear to be operating in Malaysia and you can buy USA, French Canadian and Italian e-liquids in the country. Update (7/11/15): The situation continues to be unclear, with rumours that the Cabinet has agreed not to ban vaping conflicting with raids on vape shops. Update (30/12/16): Readers are reporting that some states have banned the sale of e-cigs but that you can still vape without a problem in places where smoker are allowed.
Mongolia – Unclear.
Myanmar – Legal.
Nepal – Legal.
North Korea – Unclear.
Pakistan – Legal.
Philippines – The attitude towards e-cigs seems to have taken a dramatic turn for the worse, with the Philippines health department warning users against the ‘dangers’. At the time of writing e-cigs are not banned but the country is considering regulation. However, given the draconian enforcement of smoking bans (according to some sources you can even get jail time) we advise only using e-cigs in designated smoking areas.
Singapore – Banned (although one reader has recently reported that people are openly vaping there now.)
South Korea – Legal, although heavily taxed.
Sri Lanka – Unclear.
Taiwan – Technically not banned, but is not widely accepted. Importers/ manufacturers face fines and imprisonment.
Thailand – Banned for import. Penalties for bringing e-cigs in can include jail time or fines. See Steve’s comment below for more information or the Foreign Office update on travel to Thailand. Reports on using them in the country vary but with stories like this and this it’s really not worth the risk.
Sri Lanka – Unclear.
Syria – Unclear.
Tajikistan – Legal.
Turkmenistan – Unclear.
Uzbekistan – Unclear.
Vietnam – Legal, but e-cigs are still relatively unknown there so there may be a lack of stores selling equipment and refills. (Update: In the comments Vietcetera notes that vaping is starting to take off in Vietnam now.)
There is no restriction on the importation, sale, possession or purchase of e-cigarettes without nicotine. Nicotine is classified as a Schedule 7 poison therefore in all states it is illegal for retail sale unless a permit has been issued. A Schedule 7 poison does not usually justify an import prohibition. However, in certain states and territories, obtaining, purchasing, possession and/or using nicotine without a permit is an offence.
Update: According to Australia border control, e-cigs can be brought into the country so long as they do not state they are for ‘theraputic use’. (Thanks to Lesley for passing on the information.)
New S. Wales – No regulations on buying and possessing products containing nicotine
N. Territories – Permit is required to possess nicotine.
Queensland – Nicotine is classified as a regulated poison therefore prohibits a person from obtaining and possessing nicotine.
S. Australia – No regulation on the possession of nicotine and products containing nicotine.
Tasmania – Nicotine possession is not prohibited.
Victoria – Personal use is allowed.
W. Australia – No regulation on the possession of nicotine and products containing nicotine.
At the time of writing sale of cartridges and e-liquid containing nicotine are illegal, but the New Zealand government is planning to legalise them in 2018. But importation for personal use is allowed – so stock up before you go!
However Jason below points out that you can still buy e-liquid with nicotine at some stores (although presumably this could be stopped at any time by the authorities.) See Ecigarettes and The Law in Australia by Aussie Ecigarette Reviews for more info.
Europe and Russia
Europe is currently in a state of flux. In theory, every country should now be applying the Tobacco Product Directive. In theory, EU laws are supposed to harmonise regulations, but in practice the interpretations of the regulation varies in every country, with implementation varying from liberal to draconian. What’s more, at the time of this update some countries were still behind in their implementation of the regulations.
Albania – Electronic cigarettes and personal vaporizers are legal.
Andorra – Unclear.
Armenia – Unclear. However, readers report that there are no problems using e-cigarettes (although it could get you some funny looks!) There have been reports that that it is difficult to obtain supplies although there do appear to be some vape shops in the country.
Austria – A previous ban on electronic cigarettes has been lifted. (Thanks to SPH in the comments below for the update.)
Azerbaijan – Unclear.
Belarus – Unclear, though online communities – like this one – for vapers in Belarus exist..
Belgium – E-Cigarettes are now legal, although regulations are strict (with product labelling even stricter than tobacco labelling).
Bosnia & Herzegovina – Unclear, but readers have reported buying e-liquid from kiosks.
Bulgaria – Legal.
Croatia – According to our sources, vaping is banned in public places. However, Albert Dekker in the Facebook comments below tells us enforcement of the ban is non-existent, while another reader reports buying e-liquid from Tabak Kiosks. SwitchtoEcig believes that the law explicitly refers to tobacco products, not to ecigs.
Cyprus – Legal. In the comments below Raymond has added that there is no problem using e-cigarettes in the airport and no-smoking bars, but that tank batteries are expensive and of poor quality – make sure you have spares!
Czech Republic – Legal.
Denmark – E-cigarettes with nicotine are classified as medical products – companies must have authorization before selling. Importation of nicotine refills for personal use is permitted.
Estonia – Legal following court challenge.
Finland – Legal – but as nicotine is considered a prescription drug it is illegal to sell cartridges or e-liquid containing nicotine. However, cartridges with less than 10mg of nicotine and e-liquid with less than 0.42g of nicotine can be legally imported for personal use. One reader from Finland has pointed out that there are lots of zero nicotine e-liquid for sale and that no-one seems to have a problem importing it for personal use.
Update: From January 2017 all e-liquid flavours other than tobacco will be banned, and you will not be able to order mods or e-liquid over the net.
France – Use in public places is restricted.
Georgia – Vaping is currently allowed wherever smoking is.
Germany – Electronic cigarettes are permitted.
Hungary – The sale and use of e-cigs are legal, however the sale of products containing nicotine are prohibited – stock up before you leave!
Update: Sigrid below tells us that the TPD has now been implemented, and that only cigalikes can be bought from tobacco stores.
Iceland – E-cigarettes are legal, however cartridges and refills containing more than 0.9mg of nicotine are illegal. See Eliquid containing nicotine banned in Iceland.
Italy – E-Cigarettes are not restricted.
Ireland – Import, sale and use of electronic cigarettes is permitted. Banned on all public transport (thanks to David for the update.)
Latvia – E-Cigs are currently permitted but there may be a possible ban in the future – check before you leave!
Liechtenstein – Legal in designated smoking areas.
Lithuania – E-Cigarettes are legal.
Luxembourg – E-Cigarettes are legal.
Macedonia – While the legal situation is unclear, readers report that they have had no issues vaping anywhere you are allowed to smoke. You may struggle to find good e-liquid, though, so consider taking a supply of e-juice with you.
Malta – Electronic cigarettes are permitted, but are considered a tobacco product therefore cannot be used in enclosed public spaces. The country only has two vape shops and choice is limited, so consider bringing your own e-liquid. (Thank you to Majbritt for the update.)
Moldova – Unclear, but there are several vape supply stores listed as being in Moldova.
Monaco – Unclear – but Leonardo DiCaprio has been spotted vaping there!
Montenegro – Unclear, although according to forum posts on Trip Advisor e-cigarettes are common.
Netherlands (Holland) – Electronic cigarettes are permitted.
Norway – The sales ban on e-cigs was lifted in 2016, but they remain heavily regulated.
Poland – Electronic cigarettes and permitted. However, you can not vape in public places and it is now impossible to buy e-liquids over 20ml. (Thanks to Michal for the update.)
Portugal – Legal and available. (Thanks to Bruno for the update.)
Romania – Electronic cigarettes are legal.
Russia – It appears to be legal to vape in Russia, however the sale of electronic cigarettes appear to have been banned. Полий in the comments provided some great info on their use in Russia:
“The sale of ecigs is not banned in Russia, we have some big retail networks. But, single-use ecigs are banned, although they are still sold in a lot of places. If you’re going to Russia, google “Vardex”, they have some good liquids.
Regarding usage: it’s still shady, so if you’re in a restaurant or a cafe, you should ask if you can use your ecig. As far as I can tell, it’s okay to vape in bars and some places that provide “steam cocktails”. “Steam cocktails” are basically hookahs, but without tobacco, they use stones instead.
You can vape in the subway and other public places, but it’s a bit risky, so I don’t do it. I got fined once for vaping near the station, although it’s not allowed to smoke analogue cigs there. The fine is not that big (~$10) but the police here likes filling papers, so it may take a chunk of your time. So, you should go as far as 15 metres from the nearest bus stop or metro station and you’re good.”
San Marino – Unclear.
Serbia – Ecigs are currently legal but are treated as smoking, and are prohibited where smoking is banned. Shops and equipment are scarce outside the big cities. (Thanks to Dandellion in the comments below for the information.)
Slovakia – When we first wrote this post e-cigs in Slovakia were considered a medicinal product – there’s been no update we can find since. Electronic cigarettes are also banned wherever smoking is.
Slovenia – E-cigarettes are permitted but cannot be used in public places where tobacco cigarettes are banned.
Spain – Legal. However, e-cigarettes are banned in the majority of public places, and the sale of e-cigs has recently been banned online.
Sweden – A recent ban on vaping has been struck down by courts. Readers report that you can buy e-cigs and e-liquid in the country.
Switzerland – E-Cigarettes are permitted, but the sale of nicotine containing cartridges and e-liquids (the last update we can find on this was July 2016). Importation for personal use is allowed however.
Update from Oliver in the comments below: import for personal use is subject to a maximum of 150ml (no limits on nicotine level). See here for further detail.
Turkey – As of December 2016 the law on usage is still unclear, but vaping is banned in smoke-free places. It’s illegal to sell devices or e-liquid, and what is available (on the black market) is expensive while e-liquid may be of poor quality. In short, go prepared. (Thanks to Amran for the update – you can see his full comment here!)
Ukraine – E-cigs in Ukraine are legal. They mostly fall under the same laws as regular cigarettes, and can not be used in places where smoking is banned. (See the Facebook comments below this post for a full update from Богдан Поветьев). There’s even a Ukranian Vape Week!
United Kingdom – Electronic cigarettes are legal to use indoors and outdoors. See more on UK regs here.
Dubai – One of the worst in the world – numerous travellers have reported mods being confiscated when passing through!
Iran – Unclear, possible ban.
Iraq – Unclear, though sources mention the expansion of vape shops throughout Iraq and some vapers have used e-cigs there with no problems.
Israel – A ban had been planned for 2014, but Harretz notes that a Philip Morris e-cig is being sold in Israel. According to Reddit discussion nicotine e-liquid is banned but vaping is not.
Kuwait – Dana notes in the comments below that it has been legal to import and use since March.
Lebanon – Banned.
Oman – Banned.
Saudi Arabia – Banned; some users have recently noted that e-cigarettes can be brought in with no issues, though selling (and purchasing) e-liquid is illegal.
Qatar: Unclear, but several people have been jailed for vaping on Qatar Airways. Update: More recently it seems Qatar is confiscating e-cigarettes on arrival, but allowing people to claim them back when they leave.
United Arab Emirates – Banned.
Yemen – Unclear.