Updated: May 2022
Since we first wrote this beginner’s guide nearly a decade ago, vaping has changed significantly. There is a wider variety of vape devices and vape juices. Crucially, the devices are both better and easier to use and there are more e-liquid choices.
We also have a decade more of research and vaping has been endorsed by the UK government and a host of charities and organisations, from the NHS Cancer Research to the Royal College of Physicians.
There’s never been a better time to ditch cigarettes and switch to vaping. You’ll find this guide contains all the basics you need to get started, with plenty of links to further resources for those who want to know more.
- What is vaping?
- Why is vaping better than smoking?
- Vape Devices/E-cigarettes
- Types of vape devices
- Which vape device should new vapers buy?
- How to use a vape device
- Vape juice/E-liquid
- Types of vape juice
- What vape juice should new vapers buy?
- Additional resources
What is vaping?
When you vape, you use an electronic vape device to heat a liquid into vapour before inhaling it. The liquid usually (but not always) contains nicotine.
Vaping replicates the action, sensation and nicotine delivery of smoking, but without the tobacco smoke that causes smoking-related diseases.
How does vaping work?
Vape devices use a battery, a container (known as the tank, pod or cartridge) to hold the liquid and a coil. When you inhale on the device or press the button, the coil heats the vape juice and turns it into a vapour that is then inhaled.
Why is vaping better than smoking?
People smoke cigarettes for the nicotine (as well as other addictive elements in tobacco smoke) but die from the smoke.
Vapour from vape devices usually contains nicotine, which scientists state has a similar risk profile to coffee, but only a fraction of the other harmful elements contained in tobacco smoke.
Is vaping safe?
After multiple, annual reviews of the evidence, including longer-term studies, organisations like Public Health England have concluded that vaping is at least 95% less harmful than smoking cigarettes.
Scientists also estimate that vaping carries just 0.5% of the cancer risk of smoking, while long-term studies have demonstrated that switching to vaping can reverse some smoking diseases.
You can find a great overview of the benefits of vaping in the video by Yorkshire Cancer Research below:
What is the difference between a vape and an e-cigarette?
Electronic cigarette (or e-cigarette) was the first term used for the device used for vaping. Over time, the term ‘vape’ or ‘vape device’ came to be used. Nowadays, these terms are used interchangeably.
Anatomy of a vape device
While there are many kinds of vape devices, they will all feature the following elements:
- Device/Battery: This provides the power needed to heat the coil.
- Cartridge/Pod/Tank: This is attached to the battery and holds the vape juice.
- Coil: This is the heating element inside the pod/tank that heats up the vape juice to create vapour.
Types of vape devices (and which is right for you)
There are many types of vape devices, and it can be confusing to choose which one will meet your needs. There’s also some cross-over between different types of devices.
Below you’ll find a description of the main types of vape devices and their pros and cons. See Which Vape Kit Should You Buy? for a more in-depth explanation.
Cigalikes look and feel like tobacco cigarettes. They are inhale activated, come with a rechargeable battery and use disposable cartridges.
- Very easy to use
- Closely resemble a cigarette
- Compact, fit easily into a pocket
- Limited flavour choice
- More expensive in the long run than refillable systems
- Less vapour than other kinds of device
Disposable vapes have gained in popularity in recent years. They come ready to use and contain a non-rechargeable battery, fixed coil and a set amount of vape juice in one device that is thrown away after use.
- A good introduction to vaping for those who haven’t tried it before
- Although initially cheap, very expensive over the long term.
- Disposing of a battery (which can be recharged 300 times) after a single use is bad for the environment.
Pod systems come in two parts: a pod that contains the coil and vape juice and a device that contains the battery. The pod usually clips into the battery section.
Pod devices range from simple, buttonless systems with fixed coils to more powerful devices (or ‘pod mods’) with multiple modes capable of producing larger clouds of vapour.
One thing to keep in mind when choosing a pod device is open vs closed systems. Closed systems like the Hexa Pro come with a fixed-coil, non-refillable pod, this means that when the coil burns out or the vape juice runs out you replace the whole pod. Open systems, such as the Caliburn G come with refillable pods – meaning you can choose your own vape juice.
- Huge range of choice to suit different needs
- Easier to use & more compact than most mod devices
- Open systems can be used with a wide range of vape juices
- Usually have a lower power range than most mod devices
Vape pens, like the Aspire Pockex, consist of a device that holds the battery and a pod or tank. They are usually long and thin and resemble the pen that gives them their name. Like pod devices, vape pens also come in both open and closed system options.
- Easy to use – usually have just one or two buttons
- Usually light and compact
- Most come with a 510 connection – meaning they can be paired with different vape tanks & coils
- Less functionality than mods
- Lower battery life than mods and some pod devices
- Less vapour than mods and pod mods
Also see: Best Vape Pens roundup
Mod kits are larger and (usually) more powerful than other vape kits. They also usually have a larger battery life and the option of both fixed and replaceable batteries.
Mods range from simple devices designed for beginners to more advanced devices with multiple modes suited to more experienced users.
- Long-lasting batteries and choice of fixed/replaceable
- Lots of options for advanced/techy vapers
- Best options for vapers who prefer clouds
- Most have a 510 connection, meaning they can be paired with different tanks
- Can have a steeper learning curve than other devices
- Not usually as compact as other devices
- Bulkier and heavier than other devices
Which vape device should new vapers buy?
If you’re new to vaping, the key is to select a starter kit. This can be a cigalike, vape pen, a low-powered pod device or a simple mod kit. These devices are easy to use and have less power (meaning there is less to go wrong!). They are also economical to run.
A great place to start looking for a device is our round-up of the best current vape kits for beginners. In this guide we match different devices to different needs, so you can choose the one that’s right for you.
How to use a vape device
Fortunately, vaping with a starter kit is not rocket science! You’ll usually just need to switch it on, fill the pod or tank with vape juice (if it’s an open system) and start vaping!
That said, there are a few things you need to know:
Priming the coil (open systems only)
As mentioned before, the coil is the element that heats up vape juice. It’s important to prime the coil before you use it for the first time. For beginner devices, simply:
- Attach the coil
- Fill the tank
- Allow to stand for five minutes – this allows the coil to absorb the juice
- For more advanced devices, drip some e-liquid into the coil hole and ports before using it.
For a more in-depth guide see How to Prime a Vape Coil.
When you smoke, you take short, sharp drags on a cigarette. Vaping is a bit different. When you inhale, you close your lips firmly around the mouthpiece of your device. Inhale longer and slower than you would on a cigarette without allowing any air to enter.
For more information on inhaling, and different inhale styles, see How to inhale when you vape.
Types of vaping style
‘Vaping style’ refers to the way in which you inhale the vapour produced by your device.
There are 2 main types of vaping style:
- Mouth-to-Lung (MTL): In Mouth-to-Lung vaping you inhale vapour and hold it in your mouth for a moment before taking it down into your lungs.
- Direct-Lung (DL): In Direct-Lung vaping you inhale in one continuous breath into your lungs.
See MTL vs DL Explained for a more in-depth explanation.
If you use an open system vape device, you will need vape juice (also known as e-liquid or e-juice) to go into it.
Vape Juice is a liquid that usually has four key components:
Propylene Glycol (PG) and Vegetable Glycerine (VG)
These are colourless alcohols with slightly different properties. VG is sweeter and produces more vapour. PG has a stronger throat hit and produces better flavour.
Most vape juice contains both VG and PG, which is expressed as a ratio. For example, a juice that is half VG and half PG would be expressed as VG:PG 50:50.
You can vary your experience by varying the VG:PG ratio. For example, if you wanted a strong throat hit you might choose a VG:PG ratio of 40:60. If you wanted more vapour you might choose a VG:PG ratio of 60:40. Most new vapers choose to use a vape juice with a VG:PG 50:50 ratio.
Nicotine (and how to choose the right strength)
Most (but not all) vape juice contains nicotine. Nicotine is one of, but not the only, addictive elements of cigarette smoking. However, it is not the cause of smoking-related diseases. In Europe, nicotine content in e-liquid is currently limited to 2%, although this may be increased in future in the UK.
Using too low a strength is a key reason why some smokers fail to switch to vaping. It’s important to use a strong enough nicotine strength to curb cravings. Once you have stopped smoking, and are confident you won’t revert, you can always reduce your nicotine strength in the future.
For more information, see our guide: Nicotine and E-Liquid: What strength do you need?
The final component of choosing a vape juice is flavour.
In the UK and Europe, flavours are regulated. Ingredients known to be harmful when inhaled are eliminated and e-liquids must undergo emissions testing before they can be sold.
Research shows that when you start vaping with a non-tobacco flavour, you are more likely to be successful.
Types of vape juice
Freebase vape juices come in 10ml bottles, usually have a VG:PG ratio of 50:50 and provide a stronger throat hit, making them a great way to replicate the experience of smoking.
Nicotine salts have a smoother throat hit than freebase vape juices, even when combined with higher levels of nicotine. They are suitable for vapers who want higher levels of nicotine or simply prefer a smooth vape.
Learn more in our Guide to Nicotine Salts.
Shortfills are larger bottles of vape juice (usually 50 or 100ml). They come nicotine free, but nicotine can be added separately in the form of nicotine shots.
Shortfills usually have higher VG levels, making them suitable for more powerful and advanced devices and for vapers who prefer larger clouds of vapour.
What vape juice should new vapers buy?
New vapers should start with either freebase vape juice (if you prefer a stronger throat hit) or nicotine salts (if you prefer a smoother throat hit).
It’s best to try a range of flavours to see which you prefer, and try different nicotine strengths (but don’t go too low). At E-Cigarette Direct the most popular brand we sell is Halo e-liquid, which is a great option for all-day vaping.
See our E-liquid Buying Guide for more information.